Open Navigation

Personal Injury

Claiming damages for personal injury in the Employment Tribunal.

It is not possible to bring a standalone personal injury claim in the Employment Tribunal. However there are circumstances where an individual can claim compensation for injuries they have suffered as a result of discrimination by their employer.

Discrimination and Compensation

Discrimination

Employees who bring a claim in the Employment Tribunal for discrimination can claim compensation for psychiatric or physical injuries they have suffered as a result of the unlawful discrimination.

Usually claims for personal injury in these circumstances relate to psychological injury as opposed to physical injury, and it is often the case that medical evidence is required to identify whether the injury suffered by the claimant was caused by the act or acts of discrimination the claimant has been subjected to. It can be difficult in these circumstances to apportion blame for psychological illness such as depression solely with the employer, as the employee may have a number of contributing factors from their home life as well. A medical report prepared by a psychologist and psychiatrist can be useful.

Compensation

Compensation which may be awarded by an Employment Tribunal for personal injury is calculated under two headings:

  1. “General damages” – Relates to what is known as pain, suffering and loss of amenity (for example loss of ability to take part in hobbies). This is calculated with reference to the Judicial Studies Board Guidelines for the Assessment of General Damages in Personal Injury Cases (“JSB Guidelines”) which are used to act as a guide for the level of award for General Damages. They provide a range of compensation for each category of injury.
  2. “Special damages” – Relates to loss of financial compensation for the injury the claimant has suffered from. This includes compensation for loss of earnings and other financial losses.

As part of a discrimination claim, claimants can also be awarded “Injury for Feelings”.  This should be identified separately from any personal injury award. In circumstances where a claimant has been awarded compensation for personal injury in the Employment Tribunal they will not then be able bring a stand alone personal injury claim in the County Court or High Court for the same loss.

 

News

Remote Working

Back with a Bump: The Legalities and Practicalities of Agile Working

As the summer draws to a close, employers in all sectors are beginning to welcome staff back to offices and other physical workplaces. However, the pandemic has shifted expectations on all sides, with agile working (involving a mix of home and office working) increasingly becoming the norm in certain sectors. Recruitment Working from home has…

Read More
CoronaVirus

Update: “Long Covid”

“Long Covid” refers to the fact that some people seem to suffer from the effects of Covid-19 for significantly longer than others, sometimes for weeks and months after first contracting the illness. Long Covid undoubtedly presents difficulties for employers managing staff absences and decreased performance or productivity from employees who are suffering from an illness that…

Read More

Managing A Return To The Workplace

Today sees England move to Step 4 of the Government’s COVID roadmap.  Social distancing and mask wearing rules are no longer mandatory in public spaces, but the Government has failed to clarify what steps it expects employers to take before welcoming staff back to offices and other workplaces.  Managing a successful return to the workplace…

Read More